Recent research by GCF and partners has shown that there are four distinct species of giraffe in Africa. Two of these species have two and three subspecies respectively. All species and subspecies live in geographically distinct areas across Africa and while some of the species/subspecies have been reported to cross-bread in zoos, there is little to no evidence that this occurring in the wild.
These recent findings are based on a long-term effort, spearheaded by GCF in collaboration with BiK-F Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt, Germany and partners, to unravel the mystery of giraffe genetics. GCF and partners collected almost 200 DNA samples from most major giraffe populations across Africa. These new finding will inform the future of giraffe conservation throughout Africa.